CITROňN: 1968 BREAK 19/21
The Break was a stationcar version based on the ID19 and known as IDF (ID
Fourgonette, which means something like "ID van") to the manufacturer. It was
introduced in 1958 and had hydraulic suspension, just like the ID, and in addition also
the hydraulic assisted breaks. The rest of the mechanics were normally operated. In 1963
hydraulic powersteering became available as an option because of the heavy steering of the
car. The hydraulic assisted gearbox became an option starting 1967, but wasn't fitted very
The hydro-pneumatic suspension maintained a constant rideheight independent of the load in the car, which made it safer and easier to drive. The interior space was enormous and the loading platform flat and that made it very suited as a fast transporter for vulnerable goods. It was popular as an ambulance and as a camera car at events (like the Tour de France).
The large back door was divided into two parts, one part opening upward and the other downward. On top of the bottom half of the back door a numberplate could be attached so the size of the loading platform could be increased by turning the bottom part down and use it as a platform, as seen in the picture on the right (the two standard fold-away seats have been folded into the floor).
A roof rack was standard on the Break; it increased the loading capabilities of the car and also contributed to the rigidity. All Breaks were painted grey on the reinforced chassis, the window frames, the roof and the bottom part of the back door.
The Break was offered in several different standard versions: Luxe, Confort, Familiale and Ambulance. The Luxe was the most bare version with a single front seat and two small fold-away seats facing each other in the cargo area (called "strapontins"), the Confort had separate front seats and more luxury, the Familiale had three strapontins instead of the back seat and a third row of two strapontins facing forward and the Ambulance did not have the strapontins and had a rear seat with back rests that could be turned over in two separate parts (a stretcher was an option). See also the scheme above.
The DS and its derivatives were built until 1975 when it was replaced by the CX. Approximately 1,500,000 were built in those twenty years of production. And now, more than forty years after the introduction of the DS, its popularity as a classic car that still can be driven on a every day basis is growing, as is the membership count of the special DS-clubs in several European countries.
Technical data for the Break 19/21:
Linear 4 cylinder 4 stroke water-cooled, 1985/2175 cc displacement, 90/109 SAE hp @ 5250/5500 rpm, compression ratio 8/8,75 to 1. Top speed: 155/165 kph. Gas consumption: 11 litre every 100 km average.
TRANSMISSION AND CHASSIS:
4 gears forward, all synchronized. Gearbox with hydraulic power assistance and automatic clutch operation is optional. Disc brakes on front wheels and drum brakes on rear wheels, hydraulic assisted. Independent suspension lay-out with hydro-pneumatic shock/spring elements front and rear.
Length: 499 cm, width: 179 cm and height 153 cm. Weight: 1350 kg. Wheelbase: 313 cm. Trackwidth front: 150 cm; rear: 130 cm. Interior seats five adults and two to three kids.
Self supporting steel bodywork with monocoque construction. Adjustable rideheight in 5 steps and auto-leveling of the car at bumps, in corners and at different loads by the hydro-pneumatic suspension system.
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